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Human Health

“Those who contemplate the beauty of the earth find reserves of strength that will endure as long as life lasts. There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature—the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after winter.”
- Rachel Carson, catalyst for the modern environmental movement and author of Silent Spring

A839

New Jersey

Shore Tourism and Ocean Protection from Offshore Oil and Gas Act

In response to a proposal for a National Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program that would open up US coastlines to offshore drilling, New Jersey passed Assembly Bill 839 to formally ban offshore drilling along its coastline. This bill, which was signed in the spring of 2018, prohibits the leasing of tidal or submerged lands in state waters 3-miles off of the coastline for oil/natural gas exploration, development, or production. The basis of this ban lies in the importance of New Jersey’s coastal tourism, fisheries, and recreation to its state economy and the threat of offshore drilling poses to the health of its coastline.

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HB 1325

Maryland

Hydraulic Fracturing Prohibition

House Bill 1325 prohibits the act of hydraulic fracturing of a well for the exploration or production of oil or natural gas in the state of Maryland. The bill, sponsored by Delegate Fraser-Hidalgo, also succinctly redefines hydraulic fracturing as the stimulation treatment performed on oil and natural gas wells in low-permeability oil or natural gas reservoirs through which specially engineered fluids are pumped at high pressure and rate into the reservoir interval to be treated, causing fractures to open.

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LD 454

Maine

An Act to Ensure Safe Drinking Water for Families in Maine

LD 454 increases testing and treatment of private, residential drinking water wells, which have been previously exempt from state and federal safe drinking water laws. Specifically, this bill: requires the Department of Health and Human Services to develop recommendations for the testing of a set of contaminants that will be periodically tested for in private wells; requires the Department to conduct educational outreach on the health effects of contaminants and why testing is important; requires the Maine Water Well Commission to also develop educational materials focused on the importance of testing for contaminants to give to residents when a residential private well is first drilled or deepened; and establishes a Private Well Safe Drinking Water Fund to support this outreach and increase testing rates. The Fund is financed through a (maximum $10) fee for testing performed by the Department’s lab and prioritizes funding for community-based programs that support underserved populations.

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LD 182

Maine

An Act to Protect Firefighters by Establishing a Prohibition on the Sale and Distribution of New Upholstered Furniture Containing Certain Flame-retardant Chemicals

As of January 1, 2019, bans the sale and supply of newly upholstered household furniture containing certain toxic flame-retardant chemicals in the state of Maine. The listed chemicals include halogenated, phosphorus-based, nitrogen-based and nanoscale flame retardants, in addition to any other chemical or chemical compound-based retardant. Furniture containing even more than 0.1 percent of these harsh chemicals will be included in the ban. LD 182 only applies to indoor furniture of households and residential spaces, rather than furniture purchased for public use, and does not apply to used furniture.

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SB 1547-B

OR

The Clean Electricity and Coal Transition Plan

Requires each electric company providing electricity to retail electricity consumers located in this state to eliminate coal-fired resources from electric company's electricity supply.

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SO 6617B

NY

Community Risk and Resiliency Act

Relates to future climate risk and/or sea level rise projections and other weather-related data. The purpose of the bill is to ensure that certain state monies, facility-siting regulations and permits include consideration of the effects of climate risk and extreme-weather events.

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SB 1019

CA

Upholstered Furniture: Flame Retardant Chemicals

Requires manufacturers of upholstered furniture to indicate, on a label currently required by law, whether or not the product contains added flame retardant chemicals.

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SB 270

CA

Solid-Waste: Single-Use Carryout Bags

This bill, as of July 1, 2015, prohibits stores that have a specified amount of sales in dollars or retail floor space from providing a single-use carryout bag to a customer, with specified exceptions. The bill also prohibits those stores from selling or distributing a recycled paper bag at the point of sale unless the store makes that bag available for purchase for not less than $0.10. The bill also allows those stores, on or after July 1, 2015, to distribute compostable bags at the point of sale only in jurisdictions that meet specified requirements and at a cost of not less than $0.10. The bill requires these stores to meet other specified requirements on and after July 1, 2015, regarding providing reusable grocery bags to customers, including distributing those bags only at a cost of not less than $0.10. The bill would require all moneys collected pursuant to these provisions to be retained by the store and be used only for specified purposes.

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H485

VT

Universal Recycling Law

The act requires solid waste facilities to separate recyclable materials from solid waste and requires waste transporters to offer to collect recyclable materials separate from solid waste. The recyclable materials required to be separated are: mandated recyclables, leaf and yard residuals, and food residuals. Mandated recyclable is defined as source-separated, traditional recyclable materials, such as cans, glass bottles, plastic containers, cardboard, and newspaper. Leaf and yard residuals are defined as source-separated, compostable untreated vegetative matter. Food residuals are defined as source-separated, compostable material derived from the processing or discarding of food. The requirements for separation of recyclable materials are phased in over several years. The act authorizes certain exemptions or variances for solid waste facilities and transporters. A solid waste facility that offers the collection of solid waste shall not charge a separate fee for the collection of mandated recyclables. Facilities may charge a commercial hauler for the collection of mandated recyclables. A transporter that offers the collection of solid waste shall not charge a separate line item fee for collection of mandated recyclables, but may charge a fee for each service call at a residential property.

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HB 5510

CT

An Act Concerning Electric And Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles

To prepare electric distribution companies, municipalities, public and private merchants and electrical contractors for the presence and operation of electric, zero-emission and fuel cell vehicles in the state, to make changes regarding parking of hydrogen fuel vehicles under grade level and to make changes regarding labeling of vehicles that carry pressurized gas as fuel.

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AB 1319

CA

Bisphenol A (BPA) In Baby Bottles and Cups

Prohibits the sale, manufacture or distribution of a bottle or cup that contains BPA if the item is intended for children three years of age or younger.

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SB 518

CA

Building Standards: Graywater

This bill requires the California Building Standards Commission to adopt non-residential building standards for graywater systems for indoor and outdoor use.

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SB 918

CA

Water Recycling

This bill requires the California Department of Public Health to establish standards for various types of water recycling, including indirect potable use, surface water augmentation and direct potable reuse.

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HB 1677

Washington

No Child Left Inside

In 2007, Washington’s legislature passed HB 1677. This bill establishes an Outdoor Education and Recreation Program to both increase academic success and increase access to outdoor education for low income students. Specifically, it does so by creating an Outdoor Education and Recreation Grant Program, which is administered by the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission and funded through the Outdoor Education and Recreation Program Account (also established in the bill). Both low income students as well as those who are in danger of failing academically and/or dropping out of school are given priority under this Grant Program. Private nonprofit organizations, formal school programs, non-formal after school programs, and community-based programs are among the many sorts of programs eligible to receive a grant. It should be noted that this bill was amended and reauthorized in 2015 to prolong funding and prioritize funding for those programs that engage with veterans.

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AB 1108

CA

Children's Product Safety: Phthalates

Prohibits, commencing January 1, 2009, the manufacture, sale, or distribution in commerce of toys and child care articles, as defined, if those products contain specified types of phthalates in concentrations exceeding 0.1%.

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AB 1007

CA

Air Quality: Alternative Fuels

This bill requires, not later than June 30, 2007, the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, in partnership with the state board, and in consultation with specified state agencies, to develop and adopt a state plan to increase the use of alternative fuels.

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AB 1125

CA

Rechargeable Battery Recycling Act

This bill enacts the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Act of 2006, and requires retailers of rechargeable batteries, by July 1, 2006, to establish a system for accepting rechargeable batteries for reuse, recycling, or proper disposal.

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AB 405

CA

Schools: Pesticide Use

This bill prohibits the use at a school of pesticides that do not have full registration or testing from state agencies.

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SB 20

CA

Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003

This bill enacts the Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 to provide for the convenient recycling of electronic devices in California. The devices covered by the measure include cathode ray tubes, cathode ray tube devices, flat panel screens, or other video display devices with a screen size that is greater than four inches in size measured diagonally and which, when discarded or disposed, would be a hazardous waste under regulations set by the Department of Toxic Substances Control. On and after July 1, 2004, the bill imposes an electronic waste recycling fee between $6 and $10 (depending on the size of the electronic device) upon the purchase of an electronic device from a retailer. This bill was double-referred to the Natural Resources Committee.

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AB 2260

CA

Healthy Schools Act of 2000

This bill establishes the Healthy Schools Act of 2000, including a state-sponsored program for managing pests according to least toxic and effective practices. It notifies parents and workers about pesticide applications; convenes an interagency task force to evaluate environmental hazards at school sites; and establishes an ombudsman to provide information about environmental safety at schools.

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AB 2723

CA

Bottled Water

This bill requires enhanced labeling for bottled, bulk, and vended water.

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SB 25

CA

Environmental Health Protection: Children

This bill requires the State Air Resources Board to carry out an ongoing review of ambient air quality and toxic air contaminants. Also creates a Children's Environmental Health Center within Cal EPA to, among other things, serve as the chief advisor to the Secretary of Cal EPA on matters within the agency relating to environmental health and environmental protection as it relates to children.

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